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Score - Sustainable Construction in Rural and Fragile Areas for Energy efficiency

Guidelines for Integrated territorial Planning:
Aggregation/exposure for micro-climatic control

The following guidelines come from a deep analysis of case studies, norms and regulations, in relation to the local level. This analysis is summarized in a card that can be downloaded in italian language.

The expression "aggregation/exposure for micro-climate control" means those building or functional solutions aimed more or less directly at the mitigation of microclimate. These solutions are observable in many examples of the architecture of tradition, with profound differences in relation with change of climate and geographical context. However, even if we consider only the MED area, we can see that Man has found very different solutions depending on the resources and the particular characteristics of the surrounding area. Therefore, a bioclimatic approach to building design also passes through the study of these solutions and through the definition of proposals that facilitate their diffusion in case of any cultural or bureaucratic resistances.

Among the direct benefits resulting from application of these solutions of aggregation / exposure have been highlighted:

Analyzing the difficulties encountered in the diffusion of solutions following criteria aggregation / exposure, were brought to light the following problems:

Indication for the Bio-construction action Plan 

Pursuant to the guidelines written above, are here synthetically reported the criteria/examples for pilot projects to be financed in MED territory, in relation with the specific treated theme. These criteria/examples, together with the ones resulting from all the themes of eco-construction tool matrix, will make up a Bio-construction Action Plan for each partner countries.

Possible criteria for MED bio-housing quality certificate

Different environmental certification systems contain sections / areas specifically dedicated to evaluation of aggregation modality of settlements.For example the LEED system considers several factors including the one called "Sustainable sites". Even the system Green Building Tool and its italian release "Protocollo ITACA" refer to these aspects. In Protocollo ITACA 2011 (last release) the "site quality" is the first criterion of judgment (A), according to the following sub-criteria: re-use of land, accessibility to public transport, functional mix of area, infrastructure closeness, common external areas, etc. Although the criterion "Quality Site" do not make explicitly refer to the aggregation of buildings, there are other criteria of the Protocollo ITACA who consider the disposition of the buildings on the site.
Therefore are not necessary further specifications of certification systems but we recommend a widespread use, today very unusual in Italy and Liguria, where the use of these systems is still very marginal.

Case studies

The case study relative to “Aggregation/exposure for micro-climatic control” is given inside the card in Italian language that can be downloaded below, notably in “ALLEGATO 2”

Download PDF (Italian language)